Vishnu Sahasranaama

Vishnu Sahasranaama 251 to 300 Names

251. Suchih – One Who is pure. In the absolute Oneness there can be nothing other than itself and therefore the Fourth-plane-of Consciousness is indicated in our Scriptures as the Transcendental Ever-Pure Self, Sri Hari.

252. Siddhaarthah —"One Who is gained all that has to be gained and achieved all that has to be achieved. That which has to be achieved in life during an individual's existence has all been classified under four heads and they are called as our "aims of life”. They are Righteousness in conduct, (Dharma), Wealth and Possession (Artha), desires and ambitions (Kaama) liberations from imperfections (Moksha). One who has gained all these "four" has nothing more to gain as there cannot be any sense of imperfection in Him. One who has gained (Siddhah) all that has to be gained (Arthah) ~Siddhaarthah, Lord Vishnu.

253. Siddhasankalpah – Sankalpa means "intellectual willing and wishing". One who gains all that He wishes or One who immediately gains what He wills is called Siddhasankalpah. Ordinarily we fail to gain what we demand because of the disintegration within ourselves. The Lord, the Perfect, is One who instantaneously gains all that He wishes.

254. Siddhidah - One who is the Giver of the appropriate reward for all actions, for those who are doing spiritual practices. Lord Narayana is the great Universal Power that brings about the reward for all actions.

255. Siddhi-Saadhanah - One who is the very secret force which enables the seeker to diligently continue all efforts of his seeking.

256. Vrishaahee —Means "One who is a controller of all actions and the dispenser of all results' in all individual conscious intelligent creatures.

257. Vrishabhah - The term Vrisha though not very familiar now is used in the Vedic literature to indicate Dharma—"the essential nature of a thing without which the thing cannot remain as the things is its Dharma. One who showers all Dharmas is called Vrishabhah. In short, one who showers glowing health, burning devotion and thrilling silence on all sincere seekers and faithful devotees is Vrishabhah; and He is Sri Narayana.

258. Vishnuh - All Pervadingng Long-Strident. In the Upanishad also we read, "Vishnu has spread Himself and conquered all these three worlds".

259. Vrishoparvaa — We had already explained that Vrisha means Dhanna. The term Parvarn means "Ladder- a flight of steps” that takes us to the Higher floors (Hence Parvata means mountain). Thus here the term is explained as a flight of steps on the ladder of life to take one to the Ultimate Reality. Vishnu is the One worship at whose altar will facilitate the devotee's steady evolution towards the experience of the Higher consciousness.

260. Vrishodarah - Vrisha that which rains; Udara=belly. The idea here is the seat of all creative thinking is resting on a psychic centre, indicated by the navel. Hence we find the description that the total Creator of the universe is sustained and held aloft at the navel of Maha Vishnu. During Pralaya (sleep) the ~creative power" merges back toils source, and thereafter, upon waking, the creation again starts; the "creative power" manifests itself and continues its creative activities, from the same point of its merger, (Udara). This culminatmg point of all creation, during the time of the dissolution—which is also the same from wherein, during creation, the manifestations of names and forms spring forth (shower down = Vrisha)— is Vishnu, the Supreme, and hence, He is called as Vrishodarah, ~the Showering Belly."

261. Vardhanah — One who is the nurturer and nourisher everywhere, at all levels of life, both material and spiritual. In short, from the standpoint of the student, who is studying with devotion these "Thousand names of the Lord", the term indicates that Vishnu is the Mighty Power that supplies all spiritual growth, provides all well-being and ultimately blesses all His devotees with the final Realization.

262. Vardhamaanah - One who can grow Him- self into any dimensions; ever-growing. Since the names and forms of the universe are ever dynamic and the unseen movement of progressive evolution is everywhere, the Lord is indicated here as this very dimension of movement of progress" (Vardhana).

263. Viviktah - Alone solitary. Ever standing apart from everything. With reference to the dream and the dreamer, the waker is, we know, indeed, separate- Similarly the world of names and forms and its joys and sorrows, passions and lusts, smiles and tears, though they all play in the Self. The Supreme is not affected by them.

The horrid “ghost" cannot affect the innocent "post". One who thus remains alone and apart, in His Own Majesty and Perfection, even when the world-of-Maayaa is heaving about is Viviktah. In the daily happenings of Sansar, in its births and deaths. He remains ever changeless and ever unaffected. This freedom is indicated in the Bhagavad-gita and the Lord explains: "They are in me; I am not in them”

264. Srutisaagarah - The ocean for all the rivers of all scriptural thoughts. All scriptures, irrespective of the age, language, tradition and beliefs, ultimately indicate a Theme which is ever the same. All scriptures are rivulets of thoughts, flowing through different terrains of national character and historical climates, gushing to reach forward the ocean of Perfection, which lies beyond the dark sorrows ol mortality. That which is the goal of all Scriptures is the Immortal Bliss of God-consciousness, the Maha Vishnu.

265. Subhujah — He who has graceful arms. This need not be taken as a description of the physical beauty of the anatomical structure of the arms but since those arms are ever working in the service of His devotees on sheltering them (Abhaya) and in blessing them (Varada) they are full of grace and hence graceful.

266. Durdharah - One who cannot be comprehended even by Great Yogis, who spend long periods of time in meditation. Transcending the mind and intellect is the 'experience’ of the Supreme and, therefore, the mind and intellect can never comprehend It.

267. Vaagmee — One who is eloquent of His Glory. The full sense of the term should embrace not only the eloquence in speech, but all physical capabilities in the world, all the Glories of the cosmos, all the beauties of the heart, the total might of the intellect—all are eloquent of His Glory. Through the scriptures of the world, it is again He, who speaks to us of our ultimate Harbour beyond the stormy seas of Maayaa, in the simple words of brilliant suggestions declared by the Saints, Sages, Rishis, Prophets and other Divine Men.

268: Mahendrah - One who is Lord of even Indra, the Lord of gods. In philosophy the "Mind" is called Indra (Indriyaanaam RaaJaa) and One who is the Lord of even the "mind" is the Self.

269. Vasudah — Vasu means wealth and, therefore, Vasudah means One who enriches all, both in their outer prosperity and in their inner well-being. Once surrendered unto Him, man learns to live ever in dynamic success, with all the glories of the loving heart, self-controlled mind, and contemplative intellect.

270. Vasuh – The term Vasu has got three meanings:

  1. Wealth(Dhana)
  2. Veil (Aacchaadana) and
  3. Sun (Aaditya)
He is the One who manifests Himself in the form of the external wealth, for He, as the very sun, nurtures and nourishes the world. He is the One, who veils Himself from the comprehension and understanding of the unprepared men of evil temperaments who possess no true devotion.

271. Naikaroopah — One who is of Infinite forms in His manifestations; the single waker's mind becomes itself variegated to serve as the endless items of the dream-world. The One Supreme 'Cause' of the whole Universe is Vishnu; and all “effects” are but different expressions of their "cause”. In a very familiar chant, traditionally repeated by all devotees, this idea has been brought out beautifully.

Looking at Him through our distorting instruments of body-mind-intellect, we see the plurality, and only on transcending this equipment can we "experience" the Oneness of the Absolute Reality.

272. Brihadroopah — Vast, of Infinite dimensions; Pervading all One whose very form (roopa) is the totality of the universe and therefore as vast as the universe. In the description of the Supreme Person in the Rig Veda, we read the Rishis declaring that Vishnu is not only of the total size and dimension of the Universe but He stands beyond it all by ten digits.

273. Sipivishtah - Sipi is the name given to the "Sacrificial cow". The term denotes the One who sanctified all dedicated offerings poured into all fields of selfless sacrifices (Yajna). The root Si has also the meaning of waters; Sipi— 'that which drinks water'—-"The rays of the Sun". Thus Sipivishtah would indicate the Supreme, who is the Presiding deity in the Sun, giving it both its energy of heat and light. In Bhagavan-gita, the Lord confesses: "Understand that the light and energy that expresses themselves through the sun and moon is the Light and Glory essentially belonging to Me”

274. Prakaasanah - The One who illuminates; expressing Itself as the All-pervading Consciousness in every equipment. He is the knower, knowing everything in each bosom (Sarvavit) and knowing all things that are happening in the universe at one and the same time in His omniscience (Sarvajnah). He is the Illuminator of all experiences. Just as the One sun illumines everything in the world the Reality illumines both the fields OQ experiences and the knower-of- the-field.

275. 0jas-tejo-dyutidharah - One who is the possessor (Dharah) of Perfect physical virility (Ojas) all brilliancy (Tejas) and every beauty (dyuti). These three terms indicate perfection at three different levels of personality known to us at present. Ojas is glowing health (physical) due to perfect balance in the constituents (Tattvas) of the healthy body. This virility in us when conserved, disciplined and trained can) through meditation, be converted into intellectual "brilliancy" and perfect personality "integration".

The shine of an individual, who has thus sublimated Ojas is termed in our Shastras as tejas. A Yogi, through intelligent living and through a devoted life of continued meditation, has thus gathered to himself Ojas and Tejas sufficiently, he, in time, grows to become an experienced Saint of Divine Realization, a Buddha. The enchanting atmosphere of irresistible peace and compassion, love and perfection, knowledge and strength, such a man throws around him, is called the aura of Divinity (Dyuti). In the 10th Chapter of the Bhagavad-Gita,the Geetacharya autobiographically confesses, "I am the Might in all strength; I am the Brilliancy in all that is brilliant,"

Some commentators are found to take these three terms as separate names of the Lord. However, Sankara interprets it as one single term.

276. Prakaasaatmaa - The Effulgent Self. The One who is the Self in all hearts, who can be experienced as the Consciousness, which is the source of all illumination to shine upon all experiences in the three planes-of-consciousness, in all living creatures, at all times. This Universal and Absolute Self is Maha Vishnu.

277. Prataapanah - The One who manifests Himself as the Essential Thermal Energy, that lends Life Potential to the very atmosphere around each living creature. In the words of the Geetacharya, we find a confirmation to this declaration when the Lord declares to Arjuna that He Himself is the Reality that manifests as the heat and light in the Sun and the Moon, and it is He again who warms up the crust of the earth and impregnates it with its fertility.

278. Riddhah — One who is ever full of all prosperity. As the very Lord of Lakshmi, Vishnu should be one who has all glories (Aishvarya). When the entire universe of wealth, strength and beauty is itself a manifestation from Him, He Himself must be the Absolute Glory.

279. Spashta~aksharah – Spashtam=clear. One who is clearly indicated by the Supreme Sound (Akshara), the famous Sound-Symbol of the Eternal Lord Om, In Bhagavad-gita we read: "One who chants my name 0m and leaves his body at the time of death thus remembering Me, he shall go to the Supreme State),t In Sanskrit, Kshara means the "perishable" and Akshara means the "imperishable." The world of plurality, the "perishable" is no doubt nothing other than the All-Perfect, the Immutable Truth, but due to the imperfections of the instruments-of-perception—body, mind and intellect—the perceiving ego can experience only this world constituted of a plurality—sense objects, emotions and thoughts—The ego peeping through the vehicles can never experience the One coordinating Reality, the Divine. When the mind is Hushed and the ego thus sublimated, the lmmutable Akshara-factor is experienced, wherein we gain the clearest (Spashta) understanding of the Absolute. Since it is thus clear {Spashta) only in Its Immutable nature (Akshara=Kootastha), Vishnu, the Supreme Self, is indicated here as Spashtaaksharah).

280. Mantrah - One who is of the nature of the Mantras of the Vedas. The declarations of the Vedas the mantras are the vehicles that will take us straight into an experience of the Transcendental. The vehicles are often called by the name of their destination. Mantra means that which can save us on being properly meditated upon. Only through the mantras of the Upanishads we ever come to experience the Supreme Nature of the Lord, and so He is named as Mantrah.

281. Chandraamsuh - Rays of the moon. That the moonlight has got an effect upon the herbs was known to India in the Vedic period. "As the rays of the moon (Soma) I fill the vegetable kingdom with nutrition", confesses Bhagavan Vaasudeva. Thus the Lord is One who nurtures and nourishes all living creatures instilling into each its particular vitality. Though this is the deep philosophical significance, superficially the beauty, calm and peace that the moon suggests to our mind is but a reflection of the Infinite Peace of Vishnu.

282. Bhaaskaradyutih — The Effulgence of the Sun. Sun is the centre of the solar system, an eternal exchequer of energy, ever distributing Life and Strength to all living upon the earth; life would have been impossible but for the Sun. At the same time, the Sun stays where he is and he never interferes with life; from afar he blesses life. The Lord who thus from afar blesses by His mere presence is the true Sun of Life, the Atman, the Self— Sree Maha Vishnu.

283. Amritaamsoodbhavah - The moon who has consoling rays that gives' the essential food value (Rasa) to the plants and fruits is called in Sanskrit as Arnritoamsuh. In the Puranas it is described that the moon was first born from the milky-ocean during its churning. Since Vishnu is described as ever reposing upon His Ananta-bed in Ksheerasoagara, the Lord is Himself termed here as the Begetter of the Moon. Subjectively Moon (Mali) is the Presiding Deity of the intellect, and the discriminating intellect itself arose when our bosom started churning the heart by the two forces, the positive—the good (Deva)—and the negative—Vicious (Asuras). If the Sun is the Presiding Deity of energy, moon represents the world of matter, and the very source from which the world-of-matter, Kshetra, has risen is Amritaam-soodbhavah.

284. Bhaanuh - Self~ Effulgent; One who Himself for the blessing of the world in the form of the Sun and presides over the entire solar system.

285. Sasabinduh — The patch in the moon looks like the silhouette of a rabbit for the naked eye; that which has a "beauty-spot" (Bindu) in the shape of a rabbit (Sasa) is called Sasabindu — the moon. Since the Lord is the Nourisher of all and He is Himself the entire world of matter. He Himself is the Moon "that nourishes with essence all plant kingdom".

286. Suresvarah — Sura means Deva and so the term indicates "the God of all gods". The word Sura also can be dissolved to mean Giver (Ra) of Plenty (Su); Sura therefore stands for a person of extreme charity. The Lord, Eeshvara, who prompts and fulfils the loving kindness of all charitable men is Suresvarah, Lord Vishnu.

287. Aushadham — Medicine. Narayana is the Divine Medicine for the immediate cure for all the burning sorrows of Samsar. Even to consider it more directly as the specific cure for all bodily ailments is not necessarily wrong, for ailments of the body are caused by mental disintegration, and when the inner man has surrendered in devotion to Him, Lord Narayana indeed becomes a specific cure for even all the physical diseases of His devotees.

288. Jagatassetuh — A reclamation bund thrown across waters connecting distant islands to the main land is called Setu. Sri Ramachandraji built one and reached Lanka. The term Jagatassetuh, therefore, implies that the Lord is Himself the Bridge over which one can safely cross over the realm of egocentric imperfections and reach the joyous realms of the Infinite Perfection.

289. Satyadharmaparaakramah — One who champions heroically for Truth (Satya) and Righteousness (Dharma). It can also imply as One who has Truthfulness (Satyam), Righteousness (Dharma) and Heroism (Parakramah). In short. Lord is One, who fights constantly against the false and the unrighteous to establish Truth and Purity.

290. Bhoota-Bhavya-Bhavcin-Naathah — The Lord of the three periods of time: the past, the present, the future. Lord of Time is the One, in whose presence alone, time concept is possible. "Time" is the interval between "thoughts" and the Awareness that illumines the rise and fall of thoughts is the very Lord of Time. Objectively He is the Lord of all those, that exist in the three periods of time; or He to whom all creatures conditioned by time, pray for comforts, solace and protection.

291. Pavanah — One who purifies everything. Or One who manifests as the life-giving atmosphere around the world and sustains the existence everywhere.

292. Paavanah - In the earlier term ~ Pavanah~ the Lord is indicated as the One who has, in the form of the atmospheric air, filled the universe. He is the One who sustains fife in all living creatures as the life-giving atmospheric air. Here, the present term “Paavanah" means the One who gives this life-sustaining power to be atmospheric air. It is very well-known that the moving air (Breeze) purifies more than any other known thing in the world- This purifying power is acquired by the atmosphere by His Grace- In short. He is the secret glory that lends the atmosphere, the very life-sustaining property and He is the dynamism that moves the air.

293. Analah — The term itself means Fire. So He who is in the form of fire, and sustains life. A certain amount of minimum thermal heat is necessary for life to continue, belt in the human body or be it in the Earth itself. This warmth of life in the world around and in the organism itself, without which life cannot continue, that mighty warmth of life is none other than the Lord, and hence. He is called Analah. Also the term 'Ana' has the meaning of Praana, and 'Ld means to receive. Therefore, the term can also imply "One who is the very Self, the very Vital Factor, in the Praana".

294. Kaamahaa — One who destroys all desires. Desires spring forth from the Vaasanaas. We can experience the Self only on transcending the vaasanaas- Just as the sun is the destroyer of night, similarly, the Pure consciousness, the Atman and the Vaasanaas cannot remain at the one and the same time. The Vaasanaas end when the Atman is experienced. From the devotees' stand-point. He is the One who fulfils all his desires. Or He who is the father of Kaama, Pradyumna, which again is one of the names of Vishnu.

Desire is the source from which endless series of other sources of sorrows flow into the human life. When a desire arises in the mind, only two things are possible. Either we fulfill the desire or we do not. In case we get our desire~ fulfilled, it is natural for the human mind to crave for more and thus he becomes restless due to greed. If, on the other hand, the desire is not fulfilled, anger rises and when anger increases, it brings about delusion of the mind and makes the victim see things in others, in himself and the situation he is in, which are not in fact there around him. In such a deluded one.

Wisdom slips, away and, naturally, therefore, his discriminative power cannot function, since he cannot judge the present situation with reference to any standard ideal that he had in the past. When the rational discriminative power fades away that man falls completely off the dignity of man and becomes worse than a brute. Bhagavad-gita charters thus, a steady psychological fall in a spiritual being, and this entire chain of self-destruction springs forth from desire. A devotee, or a mediator, when he approaches this Great Reality, existing in the subjective Core of lies own personality, he transcends all the real of his desires and passions and, therefore, this Great Inner Self is indicated here as the "Destroyer of all Desires'. He is the One who fulfils all desires in His devotees, and thus brings about a calm fullness of joy within.

295. Kaama-krit — One who fulfils all desires. The implication~ have been indicated m the analysis of the previous term. It can also mean as the Very Creator of the Lord of Love—Kaama Deva. Even though desires spring forth from the realm of the Causal Body, constituted of the Vaasanaas without the thrilling touch of the Self, even Vaasanaas cannot express all by themselves. In that sense of the term, the very agitations of desire, erupt from His Grace. Hence, He is called the Kaama-krit.

296. Kaantah — One who is of enchanting form. Infinite Beauty is the very nature of the Self, and the Upanishads define the Self as Saantam-Shivam-Sundaram.

The aestheticism in man craves for harmony and where we experience the greatest of harmony, there we detect the presence of beauty. In front of beauty, the entire personality of an intelligent man becomes calm and peaceful, hushed in silence, transported to ecstasy. These are moments when the meditator has transcended his Sheaths and is in union with the Pure Self. Naturally therefore, the Pure personality of an intelligent man becomes calm and peaceful. Self is indicated here as Kaantah—Divine Auspicious form of Absolute Beauty.

297. Kaamah - One who is the beloved. Not only He is the beloved of the devotees, but every activity of all living creatures is an attempt at courting and winning bliss and happiness. The Blissful Self is the goal of all creatures in life. Even insignificant unicellular organisms revolt against pain, and they too seek happiness. Man is no exception. The Infinite Bliss which is experienced only on transcending the body, mind and intellect, is that which is constantly demanded by every organism that breathes in this universe. In the ignorance of this All Satisfying Goal, the world suffers. That Lord is the beloved of all devotees, and in fact. He is also the beloved of even those who deny Him and run after the sense objects. The theist seeks Him through devotion or meditation. The atheist too seeks Him only in and through all his diligent pursuits of the sense-stimuli.

298. Kaamapradah — One who supplies the desired objects; One who fulfils all desires. To the devotee, the Lord, is the giver of all desired objects, and to a man of meditation, the Lord is that state-of-mind where all desires are fulfilled— in the sense that no more can any desire linger in his heart after the Experience—Divine.

299. Prabhuh — He is the Lord, the Master, the Owner, the proprietor. One who has all powers to do, not to do and to do otherwise is called the Great Lord

300. Yugaadi-krit One who is the creator of the divisions of aeons, described in our Puranas, as Yugas. These Yugas are four in number. Kritam, Tretaa, Dvaapara and Kali.

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