The Chintapurni Devi


The sacred place belongs to 'Chhinnmastika Devi' i.e. the goddess without head. It is also known as the Abode of Chhinnamastika. But the most popular name is Chintpurni, which liter- ally means the deity who fulfills the desires and saves from all sorts of worries. Some parts of the holy feet of Sati are said to have fallen here, while Lord Vishnu shot arrows to cut the corpse into pieces.

The shrine of Chintapumi is situated in Una district of Himachal Pradesh State, in northern India. From the capital Delhi, the visitors have to reach Hoshiarpur, a famous city in the state of Punjab. The buses for Chintpurni are available from Hoshiarpur. A two hours run from here leads a traveller to a place called Bharvain-very near to Chintpurni.

Chhinnamastika:

The goddess without head-According to a myth the goddess cut her head herself with a dagger, to quench the thirst for blood, for two of her counter- parts (yoginies Ajay, Vijay) after the fierce battle with .dreadful demons. The counterparts demanded more blood to drink.

The buses for Jwalaji also go via Chintpurni. Direct bus service from Naina Devi shrine is also available.

Accommodation : The town of Chintpurni consists a number of Dharamshalas (charitable lodgings) some of them situated near bus-stand itself and others in the upper bazar leading to the tem- ple. Some Pilgrims also stay with their family priests called -Pujaries and Pandas. P.W.D. Rest house has been constructed in Bharvain, at a distance of about 2 kms. from Chintpumi. The town is over-crowded during ' the festive periods of Ashtami and Nauratras. Otherwise, on the remaining days of the year, there is absolutely no difficulty in getting the accommodation in Dharamshalas.

The History Of Chintapurni:

It is said that a devotee named Mayidass, who was an ardent devotee of Goddess Durga, disco- vered this spot. As per the old myth, Mayidas was born in village Athar (District Patiala of Punjab). His father had three sons and Mayidass happened to be the youngest one. Like his father, Mayidas used to spend much of his time in the worship of mother goddess. Due to this he was not able to help in the family business. Owing to this aversion to business, his brothers separated from him. However, Mayidass continued to spend his time in the worship and other routines connected with his devotion to Mahamaya. One day, while going to his inlaws house, he sat to rest, under a banyan tree- (The old name of this place was Chbaproh and the present Chintapumi temple is built under the same tree.)

Being tired Mayidass fell asleep. While sleeping he dreamt a divine giri full of radiance and blazing. The divine girl ordered Mayidass to built a temple at the same spot and be in her ser- vice. When he awoke from sleep, he left for his in- laws place but the divine girl's call in dream state swarmed his mind constantly. While returning from his in-laws house, Mayidass again halted near the same place. He came to a stand still and same unknown fear haunted him. He began to pr-ay under the same banyan tree. While reciting hymns in the praise of mother Goddess, he implored for divine revelation so that his doubts are removed. After worshiping for a long time, Goddess Durga riding a lion, revealed herself. The whole place was radiant with her celestial grace. The Goddess said to Mayidass, "I am under this tree, since times immemorial. Due to the invasions of foreigners (non-believers) and subsequent cruelities against the inhabitants, the people for- got me. I am staying under this tree in "Pindi- Rupa.' You are my ardent devotee and as such you stay here in my service and worship me. I am known as Chhin-Mastika.

As I have absolved you from all worries so I will hence forth be known as Chinta-Purni mother' Mayidass bowed unto the goddess and said, "Mistress of the Universe, compassionate mother, I am weak, ignorant and imbecile. How can I live alone in this dense forest? There is no water, food or shelter? This place is frightening, even during day, not to speak of night." Mother replied, "I bless you to be fearless. You recite holy Mantra to become fearless-You recite the seed Mantra as a flower of my worship. You go to the foot of this forest. You remove any big stone. You will get water. Worship me with that water. Those devotees who will worship me will be free from all worries. They will in turn construct a temple. The offerings to this temple will be enough for your livelihood. Don't worry for future. Your family and future progeny will alone have the right of my worship." Saying so the mother disappeared.

Having been graced by divine vision, Mayidass was absolved of all worries. He became ecstatic and was full of joy. He tread down the hill and removed a big stone. To his surprise, he found water gushing out. He became too happy. He built a hut, near this place and started worshipping 'Pindi' daily, after regular abultion with holy water. This big stone removed by Mayidas, is still there, in the holy Chinta-Purni temple. The place, where water gushed out, has taken a shape of tank now. The water of tank is used. for holy mother's abultion.

Chhinnamastika Name: Why and How?

As per Markandeya Purana* it is believed that after the victory of Mother 'CHANDI' over all demons, the two disciple companions Ajay and Vijay begged of mother, to quench their blood thirst. On hearing this goddess 'Chandi' cut her own head and quenched the thirst of her disciple companions. That is how goddess was named as Chhinnamastika.

As per legends and Puranas the abode of 'chhinnamastika Devi should be surrounded on all sides by 'Rudra Mahadeva.' That means that the temple of goddess should be surrounded by four Shiva temples. The holy temple of Chinta Purni bears testimony to this fact.




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